Services liberalization in the EU and the WTO : concepts, standards and regulatory approaches /

"Both in WTO law and EU law there is a dichotomy between liberalisation based on market access and targeting domestic regulation. Consequently, both regimes share the problem of distinguishing national measures impairing market access and those that do not have such effect. Looking at the provi...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Klamert, Marcus (Author)
Format: eBook
Published: Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Series:Cambridge studies in European law and policy.
Online Access:CONNECT
Table of Contents:
  • Cover; Half-title; Series information; Title page; Copyright information; Table of contents; Series editors' preface; Preface; Table of case law; Table of materials; Introduction; 1 WTO law on services; 1.1 Introduction; 1.2 Status of negotiations under the GATS; 1.3 The architecture of the GATS; 1.3.1 General obligations and specific commitments; 1.3.2 Reference papers, annexes and disciplines; 1.4 Scope of application of the GATS; 1.4.1 Substantive coverage; 1.4.2 Sectoral coverage; 1.4.3 The modes of supply covered; 1.5 The Most Favoured Nation principle; 1.6 Specific commitments.
  • 1.6.1 Scheduling1.6.2 Market access; 1.6.3 National treatment; 1.6.4 Conclusion; 1.7 Exemptions from the GATS; 1.7.1 General exemptions; 1.7.2 Exemptions from MFN; 1.8 Domestic regulation; 1.8.1 The background; 1.8.2 Article VI GATS; 1.8.3 The relation to specific commitments; The interplay between 'market access' and national treatment under the GATT; The interplay of domestic regulation with national treatment and market access under the GATS; 1.8.4 Disciplines on domestic regulation; 1.9 The effect of WTO law in national law; 1.10 Conclusion.
  • 2 The relationship between the EU and the WTO2.1 Introduction; 2.2 'Constitutional' differences between the EU and the WTO; 2.2.1 'Law-making'; 2.2.2 'Adjudication'; 2.2.3 Effect in national law; 2.3 The prerequisites and modalities of the participation of the EU in the WTO; 2.3.1 Introduction; 2.3.2 The EU and WTO derogations for regional trade agreements; 2.3.3 EU competence and representation; 2.3.4 EU commitments; 2.4 A structural divide: competition law; 2.5 Conclusion; 3 EU primary law on services; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Fundamentals; 3.2.1 The regulatory standard and establishments.
  • 3.2.2 The regulatory standard with services3.2.3 Some specifics on companies; 3.2.4 Constitutive elements; Introduction; Inter-state element; Economic activity/remuneration; Permanence/duration; 3.3 The justification regime; 3.3.1 Introduction; 3.3.2 General (treaty-based) justifications; 3.3.3 Specific (case law-based) justifications; 3.3.4 Convergence of the justification regime; 3.3.5 Proportionality; 3.3.6 The test of equivalence; 3.4 Relationship with the other freedoms; 3.4.1 Introduction; 3.4.2 Services and establishments; 3.4.3 Goods and services.
  • 3.4.4 Services and capital3.5 Public services; 3.5.1 Introduction; 3.5.2 Services in official authority; 3.5.3 Services of general economic interest; Introduction; The basic rule for the conferral of special or exclusive rights; The exception for public services; The exception from the exception and the Altmark criteria; 3.6 Conclusion; 4 Deconstructing EU law on services and establishments; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Some initial thoughts on deconstructing the regulatory standards; 4.2.1 Discriminatory measures and restrictions.