Forum on crime and society. the state of the world's response to the crime of human trafficking / Vol. 6, nos. 1 and 2, 2007, Special issue :

"Following the ratification of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, in 2003, many countries have introduced new or improved existing legislative prov...

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Bibliographic Details
Corporate Author: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.
Other Authors: Chawla, Sandeep.
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: New York : United Nations, 2012.
Subjects:
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505 0 |a The state of the world's response to the crime of human trafficking -- Introduction and methodological note -- Collecting the data -- What the data represent -- Countries and areas covered -- The potential for progress -- Limitations of the data -- Global overview -- Status of the legislation on trafficking in persons -- The impetus given by the Trafficking in Persons Protocol -- Regional overviews -- Core results: global baseline data on legislation -- The criminal justice response to trafficking in persons -- A large area of impunity -- Regional overviews -- Core results: global baseline data on the criminal justice response -- Trafficking in persons patterns -- Offenders: a new gender perspective -- The victims: "trafficking in persons, especially women and children" -- Patterns of exploitation: old and new forms of trafficking -- Regional overviews -- Core results: global baseline data on trafficking patterns -- Trafficking in persons flows -- Domestic trafficking: largely undetected? -- The relevance of geographical proximity -- Long-distance trafficking flows: East Asia and the other regions -- Regional overviews -- Core results: global baseline data on trafficking flows -- Inside Europe: human trafficking and organized crime on the European continent -- The criminal justice response: on the forefront of the global fight -- Identifying the flows: the dynamics of the trafficking -- Organized criminal groups and their modus operandi -- The way forward in international monitoring of trafficking trends, patterns and flows -- The legislative and administrative framework -- The criminal justice response -- Victim services -- Data on the illegal market and on vulnerable populations -- International monitoring of patterns and trends in trafficking in persons -- Profiles of countries and areas, by subregion -- Methodological note -- Middle East and North Africa -- West and Central Africa -- East Africa -- Southern Africa -- North America -- Central America and the Caribbean -- South America -- East Asia and the Pacific -- South and South-West Asia -- Eastern Europe and Central Asia -- Western and Central Europe. 
520 |a "Following the ratification of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime, in 2003, many countries have introduced new or improved existing legislative provisions to tackle the crime of trafficking in persons more effectively. For example, trafficking in persons is now a specific offense in many countries, at least for its most common purposes, namely sexual exploitation and forced labour. The criminal justice response to these recent improvements is harder to measure, however. This is partly because several defining characteristics of trafficking in persons are difficult to prove in court, but also because countries may prosecute this crime as a range of different offenses. International comparisons are also challenging, not only due to large data gaps, but also because existing data are often not comparable across jurisdictions. Nonetheless, the present article provides a broad overview of country-level responses to human trafficking, starting with global and regional overviews, followed by a special focus on Europe--the continent with the most diversity in the origins of detected victims--and finally country profiles of 155 countries and territories worldwide."--Publisher's description. 
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