Observational Astronomy : Techniques and Instrumentation.

An essential text for graduate students in astronomy and physics, providing a thorough review of modern observational techniques and instruments.

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Sutton, Edmund C.
Format: eBook
Language:English
Published: Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Subjects:
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245 1 0 |a Observational Astronomy :  |b Techniques and Instrumentation. 
260 |a Cambridge :  |b Cambridge University Press,  |c 2011. 
300 |a 1 online resource (428 pages) 
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505 0 |a Cover; OBSERVATIONAL ASTRONOMY; Title; Copyright; Contents; Illustrations; Tables; Preface; Acknowledgements; 1 Astrophysical information; 1.1 Electromagnetic radiation; 1.2 Other carriers of information; 1.3 Intervening regions; 1.3.1 Intergalactic/interstellar medium; 1.3.2 Interplanetary medium; 1.3.3 Earth's atmosphere; Radio and microwave absorption; Lorentzian line shape; Infrared absorption and background; Low frequency EM wave propagation; Airglow; Rayleigh scattering; Atmospheric turbulence; Exercises; 2 Photometry; 2.1 Specific intensity (brightness); 2.2 Étendue. 
505 8 |a 2.3 Moments of the specific intensity2.4 Energy density; 2.5 Flux from a surface of uniform brightness; 2.6 Blackbody radiation; 2.7 Atmospheric extinction (calibration); 2.8 Absolute calibration; 2.9 Photometric magnitudes; Exercises; 3 Positional astronomy; 3.1 Fundamental reference system; 3.2 Time systems; 3.2.1 Atomic time; 3.2.2 Astronomical time scales; 3.2.3 Sidereal time; 3.2.4 Solar time; 3.3 Spherical astronomy; 3.3.1 Spherical coordinates (in general); 3.3.2 Latitude and longitude; 3.3.3 Equatorial coordinates; 3.3.4 Horizon coordinate system (alt/az). 
505 8 |a 3.3.5 Conversion formulae (alt/az? ha/dec)3.3.6 Ecliptic coordinates; 3.3.7 Galactic coordinates; 3.3.8 Spherical trigonometry; 3.3.9 Rotation matrices; 3.4 Epoch; 3.5 Changes in equatorial coordinates; 3.5.1 Proper motion; 3.5.2 Precession; 3.5.3 Nutation; 3.5.4 Parallax; 3.5.5 Aberration of starlight; 3.5.6 Reduction of celestial coordinates (overview); 3.5.7 Gravitational deflection of light; 3.5.8 Refraction; 3.5.9 Parallactic angle; 3.6 Astrometry; 3.6.1 Historical techniques; 3.6.2 Hipparcos; Exercises; 4 Fourier transforms; 4.1 Fourier series; 4.2 Fourier integrals. 
505 8 |a 4.2.1 Relationship to the Dirac delta (impulse) function4.2.2 Parseval's theorem (Rayleigh's theorem); 4.2.3 Properties of Fourier transforms; 4.2.4 Convolution; 4.2.5 Autocorrelation (Wiener-Khinchin theorem); 4.2.6 Common functions and Fourier transform pairs; 4.2.7 Aliasing and Shannon's sampling theorem; 4.3 Higher-dimensional Fourier transforms; 4.3.1 Hankel (Fourier-Bessel) transforms; Exercises; 5 Detection systems; 5.1 Interaction of radiation and matter; 5.2 Photoelectric effect; 5.3 Compton scattering; 5.4 Pair production; 5.5 Electromagnetic wave interactions. 
505 8 |a 5.6 Optical and ultraviolet detectors5.6.1 Photomultipliers; 5.6.2 Other electron multiplication devices; 5.6.3 Solid state detectors; Silicon diode detectors; Charge-coupled devices; 5.7 Infrared astronomy; 5.7.1 Infrared photoconductors; 5.7.2 NICMOS; 5.7.3 Bolometers; 5.7.4 Spitzer; 5.7.5 Herschel; 5.7.6 WFIRST; Exercises; 6 Orthodox statistics; 6.1 Probability distributions; 6.1.1 Binomial distribution; 6.1.2 Poisson distribution; 6.1.3 Gaussian (normal) distribution; 6.2 Moments of a probability distribution; 6.3 Characteristic (moment-generating) function; 6.4 Central limit theorem. 
520 |a An essential text for graduate students in astronomy and physics, providing a thorough review of modern observational techniques and instruments. 
588 0 |a Print version record. 
504 |a Includes bibliographical references and index. 
590 |a EBSCO eBook Academic Comprehensive Collection North America 
650 0 |a Astronomy  |x Observations  |x Textbooks. 
650 0 |a Astronomy  |x Textbooks. 
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730 0 |a WORLDSHARE SUB RECORDS 
776 0 8 |i Print version:  |a Sutton, Edmund C.  |t Observational Astronomy : Techniques and Instrumentation.  |d Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, ©2011  |z 9781107010468 
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880 8 |6 505-00/(S  |a 4.2.1 Relationship to the Dirac delta (impulse) function -- 4.2.2 Parseval's theorem (Rayleigh's theorem) -- 4.2.3 Properties of Fourier transforms -- 4.2.4 Convolution -- 4.2.5 Autocorrelation (Wiener-Khinchin theorem) -- 4.2.6 Common functions and Fourier transform pairs -- 4.2.7 Aliasing and Shannon's sampling theorem -- 4.3 Higher-dimensional Fourier transforms -- 4.3.1 Hankel (Fourier-Bessel) transforms -- Exercises -- 5 Detection systems -- 5.1 Interaction of radiation and matter -- 5.2 Photoelectric effect -- 5.3 Compton scattering -- 5.4 Pair production -- 5.5 Electromagnetic wave interactions -- 5.6 Optical and ultraviolet detectors -- 5.6.1 Photomultipliers -- 5.6.2 Other electron multiplication devices -- 5.6.3 Solid state detectors -- Silicon diode detectors -- Charge-coupled devices -- 5.7 Infrared astronomy -- 5.7.1 Infrared photoconductors -- 5.7.2 NICMOS -- 5.7.3 Bolometers -- 5.7.4 Spitzer -- 5.7.5 Herschel -- 5.7.6 WFIRST -- Exercises -- 6 Orthodox statistics -- 6.1 Probability distributions -- 6.1.1 Binomial distribution -- 6.1.2 Poisson distribution -- 6.1.3 Gaussian (normal) distribution -- 6.2 Moments of a probability distribution -- 6.3 Characteristic (moment-generating) function -- 6.4 Central limit theorem -- 6.5 Experimental data -- 6.6 Chi-squared (χ2) distribution -- 6.7 Student's t-distribution -- 6.8 Robust estimation -- 6.9 Propagation of errors -- Exercises -- 7 Stochastic processes and noise -- 7.1 Stochastic process -- 7.1.1 Stationary process -- 7.2 Spectral density of a Poisson random process -- 7.3 Spectral density of a Gaussian random process -- 7.4 The transformation y = x2 -- 7.5 Filtering -- 7.5.1 Low pass filtering -- 7.6 Estimation in the presence of Gaussian noise -- 7.7 Photon noise -- 7.8 Thermal noise -- Exercises -- 8 Optics -- 8.1 Geometrical optics -- 8.1.1 Paraxial optics (a first order theory). 
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