Sudan : 2013 Article IV Consultation.

KEY ISSUES Context: The July 2011 secession of South Sudan led to the buildup of large economic imbalances in Sudan. The authorities responded in June 2012 with a comprehensive package of corrective measures, which laid the ground for a much-needed adjustment process. The reform process was expected...

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Bibliographic Details
Corporate Author: International Monetary Fund. Middle Eastern Department.
Format: eBook
Published: Washington, DC : International Monetary Fund, Middle East and Central Asia Dept., [2013]
Series:IMF country report ; no. 13/318.
Online Access:CONNECT
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520 3 |a KEY ISSUES Context: The July 2011 secession of South Sudan led to the buildup of large economic imbalances in Sudan. The authorities responded in June 2012 with a comprehensive package of corrective measures, which laid the ground for a much-needed adjustment process. The reform process was expected to continue in 2013, through a second package of measures, which the authorities recently put together, but has yet to be implemented. The March 2013 agreement with South Sudan on oil and security matters is offering an opportunity to continue the adjustment process by implementing bold reforms to address the post-secession challenges. Outlook and risks: Risks are mainly to the downside and risks include domestic political instability and volatile security conditions, notably tensions at the border with South Sudan. Strong and steady implementation of reforms is crucial for improving macroeconomic stability and enhancing medium-term growth prospects. Focus of the Article IV discussions: Discussions focused on: (i) near-term policies for restoring macroeconomic stability; and (ii) a medium-term strategy for rebuilding the economy and implementing policies for sustained and inclusive growth, higher employment, and poverty reduction. Policy recommendations: Action is needed on the following fronts: (i) fiscal adjustment grounded in a sound medium-term framework, including a gradual phase-out of fuel and wheat subsidies, and strengthening of social safety nets thus making way for higher quality spending; (ii) a tighter monetary stance to address high inflation and exchange rate pressures; (iii) unification of the exchange rates and markets together with further exchange rate flexibility; and (iv) further liberalization of the economy and improvement in the business environment in order to boost private sector-led growth. Staff-Monitored Program: Strong corrective policy measures to address the large economic imbalances and reforming the economy are needed to serve as the basis for a successor staff-monitored program. Debt relief: Relief is predicated on reaching out to creditors, normalizing relations with international financial institutions, and establishing a track record of cooperation with the IMF on policies and payments. 
505 0 |a Cover; CONTENTS; CONTEXT; RECENT DEVELOPMENTS, OUTLOOK, AND RISKS; A. Recent Developments; B. Outlook and Risks; POLICY DISCUSSIONS; A. Restoring Macroeconomic Stability and Addressing Near-Term Challenges; BOXES; 1. Taxations of Gold; 2. Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism; 3. External Stability Assessment; 4. Banking Sector Soundness and Development; B.A Strategy for Sustainable and Inclusive Growth; EXTERNAL DEBT ISSUES; ARTICLE VIII ISSUES; OTHER ISSUES; STAFF APPRAISAL; FIGURES; 1. Selected Economic Indicators; 2. Selected Political and Social Indicators. 
505 8 |a 3. Selected Economic and Financial Indicators TABLES; 1. Selected Economic Indicators, 2010-18; 2. Balance of Payments, 2010-18; 3. Government Operations, 2010-18; 4. Monetary Survey, 2010-14; 5. Summary Accounts of the Monetary Authorities, 2010-14; 6. Summary Accounts of the Commercial Banks, 2010-14; 7. Medium-term Macroeconomic Outlook, 2010-18; 8. Financial Soundness Indicators for the Banking Sector, 2006-13; 9. Selected Economic Indicators, 2010-18; CONTENTS; RELATIONS WITH THE FUND; RELATIONS WITH THE WORLD BANK; RELATIONS WITH THE AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK; STATISTICAL ISSUES; CONTENTS. 
505 8 |a BACKGROUND: SECESSION OF SOUTH SUDAN, A STRUCTURAL BREAK FIGURES; 1. Domestic Credit to the Private Sector; 2. Financial Depth; SUDAN'S FINANCIAL SYSTEM STRUCTURE; TABLES; 1. Structure of the Sudanese Financial; 3. Commercial Banks' Reserves; 4. Composition of Credit to Central Government; 5. Sudan Consumer Price Inflation; A. Banking Sector; BOXES; 1. Securities Subject to the 20 Percent Holding Ceiling; 6. Sudan Return on Equity Asset; 7. Bank Regulatory Capital to Risk Weighted Assets; 8. Nonperforming Loans to Total Loans; 2. Recent Rates of Return on Sudanese Bank Assets and Liabilities. 
505 8 |a 9. Loan Loss Provisions to Nonperforming Loans 10. Gross Nonperforming Loans to Gross Loans; 11 Bank Regulatory Capital to Risk-Weighted Assets; 2. Banking Supervision Structure; 12. Commercial and Central Bank Credit to the Central Government and Non Government Sectors; B. Insurance Sector; 13. Gross Insurance Premia; C. Microfinance Sector; D. Equity Market; ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES CHALLENGES; POLICY CONSTRAINTS IMPOSED BY FINANCIAL SHALLOWNESS AND THE CAP ON BANK HOLDING OF GOVERNMENT AND CBOS SECURITIES; CONCLUSIONS ADN POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS; 3. Bank Supervision Recommendations. 
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