Fon : FA18.
This collection of 15 documents covers cultural, economic and historical information on the Fon-speaking peoples of the Kingdom of Dahomey of southern Benin, from the early sixteenth century into the mid-late twentieth century. The most comprehensive ethnographic accounts date to the colonial period...
|Other Authors:||, , , , , , , , , , , , ,|
New Haven, Conn. :
Human Relations Area Files,
|Series:||eHRAF World Cultures. Africa.
|Summary:||This collection of 15 documents covers cultural, economic and historical information on the Fon-speaking peoples of the Kingdom of Dahomey of southern Benin, from the early sixteenth century into the mid-late twentieth century. The most comprehensive ethnographic accounts date to the colonial period, 1892-1960. The earliest is Le Hérissé’s (1911) survey of Dahomey history with observations on turn-of-century Fon society. But the fundamental ethnographic source on the Fon is by Herskovits (1967, vol. 1) and Herskovits (1967, vol. 2), based on fieldwork conducted in 1931. From these two sources Bohannan (1949) re-evaluates the sociological context that contributed to the presence of thirteen "types" of Dahomey marriage. Herskovits and Herskovits (1933) focus on the many dimensions of Dahome religion. Tardits and Tardits (1962) add to the ethnographic literature with a discussion of marketing behavior and the role of markets as observed in 1954-1955. Several works meld original observations with historical reconstruction and analysis. Argyle (1966) does so by arguing that earlier descriptions of Dahomean kings as absolute despots were not entirely correct. Mercier (1954) re-interprets historical accounts to uncover important links between Dahomey concepts of power as reflected in organization of the monarchical system and the dynamics of traditional religion, as revealed in the multiplication of gods, cults, and myths. Two studies focused on traditional Fon art forms discuss the meanings and functions of sculpture (Blier, 2004) and appliqued cloth (Adams, 1980). Blier (1995) analyzes informant retellings of Dahomey dynastic origin myths, offering at once a critique and counter-narrative to official dynastic history. Others follow Le Herissé’s inclination and dive fully into history. Diamond (1996) compares information about the Kingdom of Dahomey with the evolution of state-level political systems in other parts of Africa. Law (1997) examines the background and significance of the royal succession crisis that occurred in Dahomey in 1858. Bay (1995) assesses the history of the office of the kpojito, the female reign-mate of Dahomey kings, through an analysis of religious change.|
|Item Description:||Title from Web page (viewed November 7, 2016).|
This portion of eHRAF world cultures was first released in 2016.
|Bibliography:||Includes bibliographical references.|