Moche : SE55.
This collection of 29 documents discuss the Moche tradition that occurred from 1950-1200 BP along the desert north coast of Peru, from the Piura valley in the north to the Huarmey valley in the south. Absolute dating of the five-phase ceramic stylistic sequence remains unresolved, although beginning...
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New Haven, Conn. :
Human Relations Area Files,
|Series:||EHRAF Archaeology. South America.
|Summary:||This collection of 29 documents discuss the Moche tradition that occurred from 1950-1200 BP along the desert north coast of Peru, from the Piura valley in the north to the Huarmey valley in the south. Absolute dating of the five-phase ceramic stylistic sequence remains unresolved, although beginning and ending dates are regularly considered to be 2000-1950 and 1300-1200 BP (AD 1-50 and 700-800). Northern and Southern political and cultural subtraditions are generally recognized, with the dividing line between the Jequetepeque and Chicama valleys; Moche presence in the farthest southern valleys may have come late in the tradition, represented in this collection by one document focusing on the Santa Valley. As a whole, time coverage of this collection is well balanced, though with a geographical emphasis on the central region between the Lambayeque and Moche valleys; specifically the sites of Sipán, Pampa Grande, Pacatnamú, Huacas de Moche, and Galindo. Two documents provide overviews of the tradition. Alva and Donnan provide a brief cultural summary that concentrates on artifacts, especially those that relate to what was found in the Lord of Sipán's tomb, the main focus of this document. Shimada provides a broader synthesis in a discussion of work conducted at the city of Pampa Grande. In another work, Shimada (1987) discusses land use and the horizontal and vertical territory of the Moche through time. Examining the effects of a mega El Nino, Moseley, Donnan and Keefer describe how the Moche responded to the prolonged disaster at the site of Dos Cabezas that followed the weather event. Bawden concentrates on the late Moche (phase V) city of Galindo in the Moche Valley. Galindo arose after the collapse of the city of Moche and preceded the rise of the city of Chan Chan, making it important for understanding the transition between the Moche and Chimú traditions. Bourget explores the ritual and social identity of the individual in early Moche (phase I) Tomb 3 at Sipán, who appears to have been both a member of the ruling elite and a priest known in the iconography as Individual D of the Sacrifice Ceremony. Millaire, Quilter, and Uceda all use Moche iconography to understand and illuminate various aspects of the Moche tradition. Ceramics are the focus of Chapdelaine as he describes intervalley differences, and of McClelland who examined fineline drawings on ceramic sherds from Pacatnamú. Donnan et al. and Lechtman look at metallurgy; the former document includes color plates referenced in many other chapters of The Art and Archaeology of the Moche. Donnan et al. built a replica of a sheet metal owl, while a cane coffin was replicated in Donnan and Barreto C. Analyses of human remains are the focus of multiple documents: Cordy-Collins and Merbs for Dos Cabezas; Donnan and McClelland and Verano for Pacatnamú, while Shimada et al. analyzed mitochondrial DNA to understand genetic and socio-political relationships. Verano describes the human sacrifice victims at Huacas de Moche. A different, non-human sacrifice, found in the Offering Room Group at Pacatnamú, is described by Cordy-Collins. The other contents of the burials at Pacatnamú are covered with a description of the textiles by Donnan and Donnan and with analysis of the botanical remains by Gumerman IV.|
|Item Description:||This portion of eHRAF archaeology was first released in 2015.|
Title from Web page (viewed September 7, 2015).
|Bibliography:||Includes bibliographical references.|