The role of green chemistry in biomass processing and conversion /

"The Role of Green Chemistry in Biomass Processing and Conversion features contributions from leading experts from Asia, Europe, and North America. Focusing on lignocellulosic biomass, the most abundant biomass resource, the book begins with a general introduction to biomass and biorefineries a...

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Bibliographic Details
Other Authors: Xie, Haibo, 1978-, Gathergood, Nick, 1972-
Format: eBook
Published: Hoboken, N.J. : Wiley, ©2013.
Online Access:CONNECT
Table of Contents:
  • The Role of GREEN CHEMISTRY IN BIOMASS PROCESSING AND CONVERSION; Contents; Foreword; Preface; Contributors; About the Editors; 1 Introduction of Biomass and Biorefineries; 1.1 INTRODUCTION; 1.2 BIOREFINERY TECHNOLOGIES AND BIOREFINERY SYSTEMS; 1.2.1 Background; 1.2.2 Lignocellulosic Feedstock Biorefinery; 1.2.3 Whole-Crop Biorefinery; 1.2.4 Green Biorefinery; 1.2.5 The Two-Platforms Biorefinery Concept; 1.3 PLATFORM CHEMICALS; 1.3.1 Background; 1.3.2 The Role of Biotechnology in Production of Platform Chemicals; 1.3.3 Green Biomass Fractionation and Energy Aspects.
  • 1.3.4 Mass and Energy Flows for Green Biorefining1.3.5 Assessment of Green Crop Fractionation Processes; 1.4 GREEN BIOREFINERY: ECONOMIC AND ECOLOGIC ASPECTS; 1.5 OUTLOOK: PRODUCTION OF L-LYSINE-L-LACTATE FROM GREEN JUICES; 1.6 GENERAL CONCLUSION; REFERENCES; 2 Recent Advances in Green Chemistry; 2.1 INTRODUCTION; 2.2 GREEN CHEMISTRY; 2.2.1 The Twelve Principles of Green Chemistry [1]; 2.3 EXAMPLES OF THE TWELVE PRINCIPLES OF GREEN CHEMISTRY; 2.3.1 Prevention; 2.3.2 Atom Economy; 2.3.3 Less Hazardous Chemical Syntheses; 2.3.4 Designing Safer Chemicals; 2.3.5 Safer Solvents and Auxiliaries.
  • 2.3.6 Design for Energy Efficiency2.3.7 Use of Renewable Feedstocks; 2.3.8 Reduce Derivatives; 2.3.9 Catalysis; 2.3.10 Design for Degradation; 2.3.11 Real-time Analysis for Pollution Prevention; 2.3.12 Inherently Safer Chemistry for Accident Prevention; 2.4 CONCLUSION; 2.5 OUTLOOK; 2.5.1 Ranitidine Synthesis from Renewable 5-(Chloromethyl)furfural; 2.5.2 One-Pot Organocatalysis; ABBREVIATIONS; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS; REFERENCES; 3 Biorefinery with Ionic Liquids; 3.1 INTRODUCTION; 3.2 IONIC LIQUIDS AND THEIR GREENNESS LEADING TO A SUSTAINABLE BIOREFINERY.
  • 3.3 IONIC LIQUIDS FOR BIOMASS PROCESSING AND CONVERSION3.3.1 Mechanism of Dissolving Biopolymers by Ionic Liquids; 3.3.2 The Concept of Ionic Liquids-Based Biorefinery; 3.3.3 Wood Chemistry in Ionic Liquids; 3.3.4 Sustainable Materials from Biomass in Ionic Liquids; 3.3.5 Value-Added Chemicals from Biomass in Ionic Liquids; 3.3.6 Production of Biodiesel with Ionic Liquids; 3.4 TOXICITY AND ECOTOXICITY OF IONIC LIQUIDS FOR BIOREFINERY; 3.4.1 Introduction; 3.4.2 Toxicity Studies; 3.4.3 Toxicity of ILs Used in Biorefinery (Rogers Subset); 3.4.4 Biodegradation of ILs Used in Biorefinery.
  • 3.4.5 Conclusion for Toxicity and Biodegradation of Ionic Liquids3.5 CONCLUSIONS AND PROSPECTS; 3.6 RELATED IONIC LIQUIDS: FULL NAME AND ABBREVIATION; ACKNOWLEDGMENTS; REFERENCES; 4 Biorefinery with Water; 4.1 INTRODUCTION; 4.2 RATIONALE FOR BIOREFINERY WITH WATER; 4.2.1 Energy Efficiency of Processing Biomass in SCW; 4.2.2 Unique and Tunable Properties of Water at SCW Conditions; 4.2.3 Suitable Medium for Biomass Extraction, Pretreatment, Fractionation, and Conversion; 4.3 WATER PRETREATMENT OF LIGNOCELLULOSICS FOR PRODUCING BIOFUELS/BIOCHEMICALS/BIOMATERIALS.