Novel ecosystems : intervening in the new ecological world order /
Land conversion, climate change and species invasions are contributing to the widespread emergence of novel ecosystems, which demand a shift in how we think about traditional approaches to conservation, restoration and environmental management. They are novel because they exist without historical pr...
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Chichester, West Sussex ; Hoboken, NJ :
- Title page; Copyright page; Contents; Contributors; Acknowledgements; Part I: Introduction; Chapter 1: Introduction: Why Novel Ecosystems?; References; Part II: What are Novel Ecosystems?; Chapter 2: Case Study: Hole-in-the-Donut, Everglades; Acknowledgements; Further Reading; Chapter 3: Towards a Conceptual Framework for Novel Ecosystems; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Thresholds and Anticipating Dramatic Ecosystem Shifts; 3.3 Function as a Management Goal; 3.4 Scales of Ecosystem Functioning; 3.5 Putting It Together: Multiple Functions and Functional Trade-Offs.
- 3.6 From Goals to Implementation: Practical Considerations and Novel Methods3.6.1 Practical considerations; 3.6.2 Novel methods; 3.7 When Does a Novel State Become the Reference?; 3.8 Concluding Notes; Acknowledgements; References; Chapter 4: Islands: Where Novelty Is the Norm; 4.1 Introduction; 4.2 Insular Traits that Foster Novelty; 4.2.1 Physical geography; 4.2.2 Biogeography; 4.2.3 Human ecology; 4.3 Intervention; 4.3.1 Need; 4.3.2 Barriers; 4.3.3 Feasibility; 4.4 Window to the Future?; Acknowledgments; References; Chapter 5: Origins of The Novel Ecosystems Concept; 5.1 Introduction.
- 5.2 Foundations of the Novel Ecosystems Concept5.3 Synthesizing the Novel Ecosystems Framework; 5.3.1 Human agency as the cause of novelty; 5.3.2 Novelty versus novel ecosystems; 5.3.3 Human agency after novelty; 5.3.4 A novel ecosystems framework; 5.3.5 Examples; 5.4 Conclusions; References; Chapter 6: Defining Novel Ecosystems; References; Part III: What We Know (and Don't Know) about Novel Ecosystems; Chapter 7: Perspective: Ecological Novelty Is Not New; References; Chapter 8: The Extent of Novel Ecosystems: Long in Time and Broad in Space; 8.1 Introduction.
- 8.2 Mapping the Spatial Extent and Temporal Trajectory of Novel Ecosystems8.3 Marine Novel Ecosystems; 8.4 Terrestrial Novel Ecosystems; 8.4.1 Methods; 8.4.2 Results; 8.5 Corroborating the Spread of Novel Ecosystems; 8.6 Tackling Uncertainty and Future Approaches; 8.7 Conclusions; References; Chapter 9: Case Study: Geographic Distribution and Level of Novelty of Puerto Rican Forests; 9.1 Methods; 9.2 Results and Discussion; 9.2.1 Spatial patterns of novel forests; 9.2.2 Extension of native, mixed and introduced forests; 9.3 Conclusions; Acknowledgments; References.
- Chapter 10: Novel Ecosystems and Climate Change10.1 Introduction; 10.2 Impacts of Climate Change on Biodiversity; 10.2.1 Global patterns; 10.2.2 Species range shifts; 10.2.3 Changes in phenology; 10.2.4 Changes in food webs; 10.2.5 Changes in climate-ecosystem relations; 10.3 Predictions for Future Ecosystems; 10.4 Climate Change, Managed Relocation and Novel Ecosystems; 10.4.1 How are our concepts of ecological restoration altered in the face of climate change?; 10.4.2 Contribution of novel ecosystems concept to climate change understanding; 10.4.3 Embracing novel assemblages.