Solar particle radiation storms forecasting and analysis : the HESPERIA HORIZON 2020 project and beyond /

Solar energetic particles (SEPs) emitted from the Sun are a major space weather hazard motivating the development of predictive capabilities. This book presents the results and findings of the HESPERIA (High Energy Solar Particle Events forecasting and Analysis) project of the EU HORIZON 2020 progra...

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Bibliographic Details
Other Authors: Malandraki, Olga E. (Editor), Crosby, N. (Editor)
Format: eBook
Published: Cham : Springer, [2018]
Series:Astrophysics and space science library ; 444.
Online Access:CONNECT
Table of Contents:
  • Intro; Preface; Acknowledgements; Contents; List of Abbreviations; 1 Solar Energetic Particles and Space Weather: Science and Applications; 1.1 Science; 1.1.1 Historical Perspective of Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) Events; 1.1.2 Large Gradual SEP Events; 1.1.3 Ground Level Enhancement (GLE) Events; 1.1.4 Multi-Spacecraft Observations of SEP Events; 1.1.5 Particle Acceleration; 1.1.6 Key Open Questions and Future Missions; 1.2 Applications; 1.2.1 Why Study SEP Events?; 1.2.2 SEP Effects on Technology; 1.2.3 SEPs and Human Health Effects; 1.2.4 Mitigating the Effects of SEPs.
  • Hazard Assessment1.2.4.2 Mitigation Procedures; References; 2 Eruptive Activity Related to Solar Energetic Particle Events; 2.1 Introduction; 2.2 The Scene; 2.3 Solar Flares: Energy Release and Radiative Signatures of Charged Particle Acceleration; 2.3.1 Emission Processes; Bremsstrahlung; Gyrosynchrotron Radiation; Plasma Emission from Electron Beams; Gamma-Rays from Accelerated Protons and Ions; 2.3.2 Where Are Electrons Accelerated in Solar Flares?; 2.3.3 A Qualitative View of Acceleration Processes; 2.4 What Is a Coronal Mass Ejection?
  • 2.4.1 CME Magnetic Structure and Eruption2.4.2 Shock Waves and Particle Acceleration at CMEs; 2.5 Summary and Conclusion; References; 3 Particle Acceleration Mechanisms; 3.1 Introduction; 3.2 Acceleration Mechanisms; 3.2.1 Large-Scale Electric Field Acceleration; 3.2.2 Resonant Wave Acceleration; 3.2.3 Shock Acceleration; 3.2.4 Compressional Acceleration and Collapsing Magnetic Traps; 3.2.5 Stochastic Acceleration; 3.3 Concluding Remarks; References; 4 Charged Particle Transport in the Interplanetary Medium; 4.1 Introduction; 4.1.1 Energetic Particles in the Solar System.
  • 4.1.2 The Interplanetary Magnetic Field4.1.3 Motion of Charged Particles. First Adiabatic Invariant; 4.2 Particle Transport; 4.2.1 Particle Transport Equations; 4.2.2 Focused Transport; 4.2.3 Diffusive Transport; 4.3 Application: Description of Solar Energetic Particle Events; 4.3.1 Numerical Techniques; 4.3.2 Observations; 4.3.3 Inferring Transport Conditions; 4.4 Concluding Remarks; References; 5 Cosmic Ray Particle Transport in the Earth's Magnetosphere; 5.1 Introduction; 5.2 Motion of Charged Particles in a Magnetic Field: Lorentz Force; 5.3 Earth's Magnetic Field.
  • 5.3.1 The Magnetic Field of the Earth as a Dipole Field5.3.2 Magnetic Field Model Due to Internal Sources: IGRF; 5.3.3 Contributions to the Earth's Magnetic Field by Magnetospheric Electric Currents; 5.3.4 Magnetic Field Models of the External Sources; 5.4 Computation of the Propagation of Cosmic Ray Particles in the Earth's Magnetosphere; 5.5 The Concept of Cutoff Rigidities and Asymptotic Directions; References; 6 Ground-Based Measurements of Energetic Particles by Neutron Monitors; 6.1 Introduction; 6.2 History; 6.3 Transport of Cosmic Ray Particles in the Earth's Atmosphere.