The atlas of religion / Joanne O'Brien and Martin Palmer ; consultant editor, David B. Barrett.
Locates the origin, the heartland, and the sacred places of each of the major religions and provides essential background about each, including a valuable table showing the fundamental beliefs of Buddhism, Christianity, Daoism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, and Hikhism.
University of California Press,
- Cover; Contents; Acknowledgements; Introduction; Part One: BEGINNINGS; Popular Religions: Allegiance to a single religion is professed by at least two-thirds of the population in more than 80% of the world's states.; Arrivals: The rise of the missionary religions and seaborne trade has greatly influenced the religious map of the world.; Roots and Branches: Yesterday's revolution can be today's orthodoxy. Some new movements have grown to become the most popular religion in a state.; Part Two: BELIEFS.
- Christianity: Christianity is the world's largest religion, with more than 2.1 billion adherents worldwide, and more than 33,000 denominations. Islam: There are 1.34 billion Muslims worldwide, 20% of the world's population. Islam is the state religion of 25 countries.; Hinduism: Hinduism is the world's third largest religion, with over 950 million Hindus worldwide. Almost all live in South Asia, with the majority in India, where over 80% of people are Hindu.
- Buddhism: More than half the world's population live in countries where Buddhism is now, or has been, dominant. During the 20th century, Buddhism was subject to greater suppression than at any time in its history. Judaism: There are over 13 million Jews worldwide, more than 5 million of whom live in Israel.; Sikhism: There are 24 million Sikhs worldwide. Over 90% live in India, mainly in the Punjab.
- Traditional Beliefs: There are more than 250 million adherents of traditional beliefs worldwide. There are also many who belong to a major world religion while continuing to hold traditional local beliefs. Catholicism: There are more than 1 billion Roman Catholics worldwide. 200,000 schools, serving more than 52 million students, operate under Catholic Church auspices.; New Religious Movements: The migration of people and ideas fosters new religious movements. Most, but not all, have their origin in a major world religion. Many are very localized, while a few are now international.
- New Departures: As indigenous religions have spread, they have blended with traditions encountered en route or at their destination. The revival of other traditions has created new identities. Non-Believers: Over 10% of people claim no allegiance to a religion. Many of these are undecided, but some are atheists, who deny the existence of God.; Part Three: STRUCTURES; State Attitudes to Religion: Nearly a quarter of the world's states have formal links with a religion. Some have links with more than one. A few actively discriminate against all.