Nonmanuals in sign language / edited by Annika Herrmann, Markus Steinbach.
Computer-generated three-dimensional animation holds great promise for synthesizing utterances in American Sign Language (ASL) that are not only grammatical, but well-tolerated by members of the Deaf community. Unfortunately, animation poses several challenges stemming from the necessity of grapplin...
John Benjamins Publishing Company,
|Series:||Benjamins current topics ;
v. 53. |
- Nonmanuals in Sign Language; Editorial page ; Title page ; LCC data ; Table of contents; Nonmanuals in sign languages; 1. What do nonmanual articulators reveal about the grammar of sign languages?; 2. Content of this book; Acknowledgements; References; Syntax and prosodic consequences in ASL; 1. Introduction; 1.1 The puzzle; 1.2 Methodology and consultation; 2. Background on multiple wh-questions; 2.1 Stacked wh-question; 2.2 Coordinated wh-question (wh & whQ); 2.2.1 Coordinated wh-questions
- the 'at all-reading'; 2.2.2 Coordinated wh-questions
- the 'it-reading'
- 2.3 Multi-dominance in coordinated wh-questions2.3.1 The 'at all-reading' as 'non-bulk shared'; 2.3.2 The 'it-reading' as 'bulk shared'; 3. Background on wh-questions in ASL; 3.1 ASL single wh-questions; 3.1.1 The leftward analysis of wh-movement in ASL; 3.1.2 The rightward analysis of wh-movement in ASL; 3.2 ASL multiple wh-questions; 3.3 An alternative analysis: Remnant Movement; 4. Deriving three types of multiple wh-questions in ASL with distinct derivations; 4.1 Remnant movement analysis of stacked multiple wh-questions.
- 4.2 Deriving wh & wh-question 'at all-reading' via Parallel Merge and Remnant Movement4.3 Deriving wh & wh-question it-readings via Parallel Merge and Remnant Movement; 5. Analyzing the derivations to capture prosodic consequences; 5.1 Background on ASL phrasal level prosodic nonmanuals; 5.1.1 Wh-marking; 5.1.2 Focused wh-marking; 5.2 Background on syntax-prosody interaction; 5.2.1 Prosodic stress; 5.2.2 Prosodic subordination and prosodic breaks; 5.3 Prosodic consequences and new generalizations; 5.3.1 Prosodic reset as a result of A-bar movement.
- 5.3.2 Prosodic breaks as a result of A-bar movement6. Conclusion; Acknowledgments; References; Negation in Turkish Sign Language; 1. Introduction: Why study negation in TİD from a syntactic perspective?; 2. Background: The syntax of TİD; 3. The data: Source, annotation, and distributional report for negation; 4. The syntax of negation in TİD; 5. Summary; Acknowledgments; References; Eye gaze and verb agreement in German Sign Language; 1. Introduction; 2. Theoretical background; 2.1 The Boston Group; 2.2 The San Diego Group; 2.3 The Berlin Student; 3. Eye gaze in German Sign Language.
- 3.1 The experiment3.2 The results; 3.3 The scope of eye gaze; 4. Discussion; Acknowledgments; References; Appendix; Mouth gestures in British Sign Language; 1. Mouth actions in sign languages; 2. Adverbial mouth gestures; 3. The 'th' mouth gesture in BSL; 4. Methodology; 5. Data; 6. Results; 6.1 Distribution of tongue protrusion; 6.2 Individual variation; 7. Conclusion; Acknowledgements; References; Nonmanual markings for topic constructions in Hong Kong Sign Language; 1. Introduction; 2. Topics in spoken languages; 2.1 Some areas of controversies; 2.2 Markings of topics in spoken languages.