Smithsonian Institution

The Smithsonian Institution ( ), or simply the Smithsonian, is a group of museums and education and research centers, the largest such complex in the world, created by the U.S. government "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge". Founded on August 10, 1846, it operates as a trust instrumentality and is not formally a part of any of the three branches of the federal government. The institution is named after its founding donor, British scientist James Smithson. It was originally organized as the United States National Museum, but that name ceased to exist administratively in 1967.

Called "the nation's attic" for its eclectic holdings of 154 million items, the institution's 19 museums, 21 libraries, nine research centers, and zoo include historical and architectural landmarks, mostly located in the District of Columbia. Additional facilities are located in Maryland, New York, and Virginia. More than 200 institutions and museums in 45 states, Puerto Rico, and Panama are Smithsonian Affiliates. Institution publications include ''Smithsonian'' and ''Air & Space'' magazines.

Almost all of the institution's 30 million annual visitors are admitted without charge, the exception being Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum, which charges an admissions fee. Its annual budget is around $1.25 billion, with two-thirds coming from annual federal appropriations. Other funding comes from the institution's endowment, private and corporate contributions, membership dues, and earned retail, concession, and licensing revenue. As of 2021, the institution's endowment had a total value of about $5.4 billion. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 599 for search 'Smithsonian Institution.', query time: 0.03s Refine Results
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by Ayensu, Edward S.
Published 1978
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Published 2001
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by Stephens, John Stewart.
Published 1973
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by Hope, W. Duane, 1935-
Published 1972
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6
Published 1980
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by Phelan, Thomas Francis, 1921-
Published 1970
...Smithsonian Institution....
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...Smithsonian Institution....
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by Slud, Paul.
Published 1976
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by Hurd, Paul D. 1921-1982.
Published 1974
...Smithsonian Institution....
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11
by Middleton, W. E. Knowles 1902-
Published 1969
...Smithsonian Institution....
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by Golovin, Anne Castrodale.
Published 1972
...Smithsonian Institution....
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by Davis, Donald R.
Published 1975
...Smithsonian Institution....
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by Williams, W. D.
Published 1970
...Smithsonian Institution....
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by Young, Richard E.
Published 1972
...Smithsonian Institution....
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by Brindle, A.
Published 1971
...Smithsonian Institution....
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by Duckworth, W. Donald.
Published 1974
...Smithsonian Institution....
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19
by Bowman, Thomas E.
Published 1973
...Smithsonian Institution....
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by Heron, Gayle A.
Published 1978
...Smithsonian Institution....
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