Robert Schumann

Schumann in 1839, age 29<br><small>lithograph by [[Josef Kriehuber]]</small> Robert Schumann}} (; 8 June 181029 July 1856) was a German composer, pianist, and influential music critic. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest composers of the Romantic era. Schumann left the study of law, intending to pursue a career as a virtuoso pianist. His teacher, Friedrich Wieck, a German pianist, had assured him that he could become the finest pianist in Europe, but a hand injury ended this dream. Schumann then focused his musical energies on composing.

In 1840, Schumann married Clara Wieck, after a long and acrimonious legal battle with her father, Friedrich, who opposed the marriage. A lifelong partnership in music began, as Clara herself was an established pianist and music prodigy. Clara and Robert also maintained a close relationship with German composer Johannes Brahms.

Until 1840, Schumann wrote exclusively for the piano. Later, he composed piano and orchestral works, and many Lieder (songs for voice and piano). He composed four symphonies, one opera, and other orchestral, choral, and chamber works. His best-known works include ''Carnaval'', ''Symphonic Studies'', ''Kinderszenen'', ''Kreisleriana'', and the ''Fantasie in C''. Schumann was known for infusing his music with characters through motifs, as well as references to works of literature. These characters bled into his editorial writing in the ''Neue Zeitschrift für Musik'' (New Journal for Music), a Leipzig-based publication that he co-founded.

Schumann suffered from a mental disorder that first manifested in 1833 as a severe melancholic depressive episode—which recurred several times alternating with phases of "exaltation" and increasingly also delusional ideas of being poisoned or threatened with metallic items. What is now thought to have been a combination of bipolar disorder and perhaps mercury poisoning led to "manic" and "depressive" periods in Schumann's compositional productivity. After a suicide attempt in 1854, Schumann was admitted at his own request to a mental asylum in Endenich near Bonn. Diagnosed with ''psychotic melancholia'', he died of pneumonia two years later at the age of 46, without recovering from his mental illness. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 860 for search 'Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.', query time: 0.76s Refine Results
1
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1970
Book
2
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1977
CD Audio
3
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1977
Other Authors: ...Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856....
CD Audio
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CD Audio
5
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1994
Other Authors: ...Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856....
CD Audio
6
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1972
CD Audio
7
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1989
Other Authors: ...Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856....
CD Audio
8
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1996
CD Audio
9
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1988
Other Authors: ...Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856....
CD Audio
11
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1999
CD Audio
12
CD Audio
13
Other Authors: ...Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856....
CD Audio
14
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1996
CD Audio
15
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1971
Book
16
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1991
CD Audio
17
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1950
Other Authors: ...Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856....
Musical Score Book
18
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1944
Musical Score Book
19
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1970
Musical Score Book
20
by Schumann, Robert, 1810-1856.
Published 1950
Musical Score Book