Ernst Haeckel

Ernst Haeckel Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel (; 16 February 1834 – 9 August 1919) was a German zoologist, naturalist, eugenicist, philosopher, physician, professor, marine biologist, and artist who discovered, described and named thousands of new species, mapped a genealogical tree relating all life forms, and coined many terms in biology, including ''ecology'', ''phylum'', ''phylogeny'', and ''Protista.'' Haeckel promoted and popularised Charles Darwin's work in Germany and developed the influential but no longer widely held recapitulation theory ("ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny") claiming that an individual organism's biological development, or ontogeny, parallels and summarises its species' evolutionary development, or phylogeny.

The published artwork of Haeckel includes over 100 detailed, multi-colour illustrations of animals and sea creatures, collected in his ''Kunstformen der Natur'' ("Art Forms of Nature"). As a philosopher, Ernst Haeckel wrote ''Die Welträthsel'' (1895–1899; in English: ''The Riddle of the Universe'', 1901), the genesis for the term "world riddle" (''Welträtsel''); and ''Freedom in Science and Teaching'' to support teaching evolution.

Haeckel was also a promoter of scientific racism and embraced the idea of Social Darwinism. Provided by Wikipedia
by Haeckel, Ernst, 1834-1919.
Published 1974
by Hopwood, Nick,
Published 2015
Other Authors: '; ...Haeckel, Ernst, 1834-1919,...
Published 2016
Other Authors: '; ...Haeckel, Ernst, 1834-1919....