(January 4, 1914 – 2008) was a Polish-American author who primarily wrote biographies between the 1940s and 1970s. Of his works, Gurko received a Newbery Honor
for ''Tom Paine, Freedom's Apostle'' in 1958. Gurko later published two books on Joseph Conrad
and one each on Ernest Hemingway
and Thomas Wolfe
. Outside of literature, Gurko was a first reader
for ''Macmillan Inc.
'' between 1936 to 1962. During this time period, Gurko started teaching English at Hunter College
in 1938 and was the college's English head from 1954 to 1960.
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