Duke Ellington

Ellington c. 1940s Edward Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (April 29, 1899 – May 24, 1974) was an American composer, pianist, and leader of a jazz orchestra from 1923 through the rest of his life.

Born in Washington, D.C., Ellington was based in New York City from the mid-1920s and gained a national profile through his orchestra's appearances at the Cotton Club in Harlem. In the 1930s, his orchestra toured Europe several times.

Some of the jazz musicians who were members of Ellington's orchestra, such as saxophonist Johnny Hodges, are considered among the best players in the idiom. Ellington melded them into the best regarded orchestral unit in the history of jazz. Some members stayed with the orchestra for several decades. A master at writing miniatures for the three-minute 78 rpm recording format, Ellington wrote or collaborated on more than one thousand compositions; his extensive body of work is the largest recorded personal jazz legacy, and many of his pieces have become standards. He also recorded songs written by his bandsmen, such as Juan Tizol's "Caravan", which brought a Spanish tinge to big band jazz. At the end of the 1930s, Ellington began a nearly thirty-year collaboration with composer-arranger-pianist Billy Strayhorn, whom he called his writing and arranging companion. With Strayhorn, he composed multiple extended compositions, or suites, as well as many short pieces. For a few years at the beginning of Strayhorn's involvement, Ellington's orchestra is considered to have been at its peak, with bassist Jimmy Blanton and tenor saxophonist Ben Webster briefly members. Following a low-profile period (Hodges temporarily left), an appearance by Ellington and his orchestra at the Newport Jazz Festival in July 1956 led to a major revival and regular world tours. Ellington recorded for most American record companies of his era, performed in and scored several films, and composed a handful of stage musicals.

Although a pivotal figure in the history of jazz, in the opinion of Gunther Schuller and Barry Kernfeld, "the most significant composer of the genre",{{cite Grove|last1=Schuller|first1=Gunther|last2=Kernfeld|first2=Barry|date=2002|title Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 20 results of 215 for search 'Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.', query time: 0.08s Refine Results
1
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1993
Musical Score Book
2
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1973
Musical Score Book
3
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1940
Musical Score Book
4
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1973
Musical Score Book
5
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1940
Musical Score Book
6
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1940
Musical Score Book
7
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1981
Musical Score Book
8
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 2007
Video DVD
9
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974
Published 2018
Musical Score Book
10
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974
Published 1976
CD Audio
11
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1958
Conference Proceeding CD Audio
12
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 2006
Musical Score Book
14
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1980
CONNECT
Electronic Audio
15
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 1992
CONNECT
Electronic Audio
16
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 2011
Conference Proceeding Musical Score Book
17
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 2002
Conference Proceeding Musical Score Book
18
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974
Published 1999
Conference Proceeding Musical Score Book
19
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974.
Published 2005
Conference Proceeding Musical Score Book
20
by Ellington, Duke, 1899-1974
Published 1999
Conference Proceeding Musical Score Book