John Cage

Cage in 1988 John Milton Cage Jr. (September 5, 1912 – August 12, 1992) was an American composer and music theorist. A pioneer of indeterminacy in music, electroacoustic music, and non-standard use of musical instruments, Cage was one of the leading figures of the post-war avant-garde. Critics have lauded him as one of the most influential composers of the 20th century. He was also instrumental in the development of modern dance, mostly through his association with choreographer Merce Cunningham, who was also Cage's romantic partner for most of their lives.

Cage's 1952 composition ''4′33″'' is performed in the absence of deliberate sound; musicians who present the work do nothing aside from being present for the duration specified by the title. The content of the composition is intended to be the sounds of the environment heard by the audience during performance. The work's challenge to assumed definitions about musicianship and musical experience made it a popular and controversial topic both in musicology and the broader aesthetics of art and performance. Cage was also a pioneer of the prepared piano (a piano with its sound altered by objects placed between or on its strings or hammers), for which he wrote numerous dance-related works and a few concert pieces. These include ''Sonatas and Interludes'' (1946–48).

His teachers included Henry Cowell (1933) and Arnold Schoenberg (1933–35), both known for their radical innovations in music, but Cage's major influences lay in various East and South Asian cultures. Through his studies of Indian philosophy and Zen Buddhism in the late 1940s, Cage came to the idea of aleatoric or chance-controlled music, which he started composing in 1951. The ''I Ching'', an ancient Chinese classic text decision-making tool, which uses chance operations to suggest answers to questions one may pose, became Cage's standard composition tool for the rest of his life. In a 1957 lecture, ''Experimental Music'', he described music as "a purposeless play" which is "an affirmation of life – not an attempt to bring order out of chaos nor to suggest improvements in creation, but simply a way of waking up to the very life we're living". Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 121 - 140 results of 192 for search 'Cage, John.', query time: 0.03s Refine Results
121
by Cage, John.
Published 1993
CONNECT
CONNECT
Electronic Audio
122
123
124
by Cage, John.
Published 2011
CONNECT
CONNECT
Government Document eBook
125
126
by Cage, John.
Published 2010
CONNECT
CONNECT
eBook
127
129
130
CONNECT
CONNECT
Electronic Video
131
134
by Tudor, David, 1926-1996.
Published 1959
Other Authors: ...Cage, John....
CD Audio
135
Published 1992
Other Authors: ...Cage, John....
CD Audio
136
Published 1969
Other Authors: ...Cage, John,...
Book
137
by Nyman, Michael.
Published 1974
Other Authors: ...Cage, John....
Book
138
by Hoover, Kathleen O'Donnell.
Published 1970
Other Authors: ...Cage, John....
Book
139
by Graves, Morris, 1910-2001.
Published 1974
Other Authors: ...Cage, John....
Book
140
by Oliver, Bernard M., 1916-
Published 1971
Other Authors: ...Cage, John M....
Book