AustriaAustria (, ; ), officially the Republic of Austria (, ), is a landlocked East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine federated states (''Bundesländer''), one of which is Vienna, Austria's capital and largest city. It is bordered by Germany to the northwest, the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Hungary to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. Austria occupies an area of and has a population of nearly 9 million people. While German is the country's official language, many Austrians communicate informally in a variety of Bavarian dialects.
Austria initially emerged as a margraviate around 976 and developed into a duchy and archduchy. In the 16th century, Austria started serving as the heart of the Habsburg Monarchy and the junior branch of the House of Habsburg – one of the most influential royal dynasties in history. As an archduchy, it was a major component and administrative centre of the Holy Roman Empire. Early in the 19th century, Austria established its own empire, which became a great power and the leading force of the German Confederation, but pursued its own course independently of the other German states following its defeat in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866. In 1867, in compromise with Hungary, the Austria-Hungary Dual Monarchy was established.
Austria was involved in World War I under Emperor Franz Joseph following the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand, the presumptive successor to the Austro-Hungarian throne. After the defeat and the dissolution of the Monarchy, the Republic of German-Austria was proclaimed with the intent of union with Germany, but the Allied Powers did not support the new state and it remained unrecognized. In 1919 the First Austrian Republic became the legal successor of Austria. In 1938, the Austrian-born Adolf Hitler, who became the Chancellor of the German Reich, achieved the annexation of Austria by the Anschluss. Following the defeat of Nazi Germany in 1945 and an extended period of Allied occupation, Austria was re-established as a sovereign and self-governing democratic nation known as the Second Republic.
Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy with a directly elected Federal President as head of state and a Chancellor as head of the federal government. Major urban areas of Austria include Vienna, Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is consistently ranked in the top 20 richest countries in the world by GDP per capita terms. The country has achieved a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. Vienna consistently ranks in the top internationally on quality-of-life indicators.
The Second Republic declared its perpetual neutrality in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955 and joined the European Union in 1995. It plays host to the OSCE and OPEC and is a founding member of the OECD and Interpol. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999. Provided by Wikipedia
A treatise of the nobilitie and excellencye of vvoman kynde, translated out of Latine into englysshe by Dauid Clapam
by Agrippa von Nettesheim, Heinrich Cornelius, 1486?-1535.Other Authors: '; “...Margaret, of Austria, Regent of the Netherlands, 1480-1530....”
by Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, 1756-1791.“...Hof-Operntheater (Vienna, Austria). Orchester....”
LP Audio Audio
Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Trichoptera, Lunz am See Austria, September 16-20, 1974 / ed. by Hans Malicky.
Published 1976“...International Symposium on Trichoptera. Lunz am See, Austria)...”
Gesellschaft und Demokratie nach 1945 : Symposium, Oktober 1995 / [Eigentümer, Herausgeber und Verleger, Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst ; Redaktion, Christ...
Published 1996“...Austria. Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Forschung und Kunst....”
Translation and lexicography : papers read at the EURALEX Colloquium held at Innsbruck 2-5 July 1987 / guest editor, Mary Snell-Hornby, assistant guest editor, Ester Pöhl, general...
Published 1989“...EURALEX Colloquium Innsbruck, Austria)...”
Epistemology: contexts, values, disagreement : proceedings of the 34th International Ludwig Wittgenstein-Symposium in Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria 2011 / Christoph Jäger, Winfried...
Published 2012“...International Wittgenstein Symposium Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria)...”
Purine metabolism in man, II : [proceedings] / edited by Mathias M. Müller, Erich Kaiser and J. Edwin Seegmiller.
Published 1977“...International Symposium on Purine Metabolism in Man. Baden, Austria)...”
Recent advances in prostaglandin, thromboxane and leukotriene research / [proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Prostaglandins and Related Compounds, held September 2...
Published 1998“...International Conference on Prostaglandins and Related Compounds. Vienna, Austria)...”
Genealogies of identity : interdisciplinary readings on sex and sexuality / edited by Margaret Sönser Breen and Fiona Peters.
Published 2005“...Global Conference on Critical Issues in Sexuality Salzburg, Austria)...”
Ethics, society, politics : proceedings of the 35th International Wittgenstein Symposium, Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria, 2012 / edited by Hajo Greif und Martin Gerhard Weiss.
Published 2013“...International Wittgenstein Symposium Kirchberg am Wechsel, Austria)...”
Health informatics meets ehealth : digital insight information-driven health & care : proceedings of the 11th eHealth2017 conference / edited by Dieter Hayn and Günther Schreier.
Published 2017“...eHealth Conference Vienna, Austria)...”